Celebrating Indigenous Peoples’ Day


What most may recognize as another “holiday”, the second Monday in October serves as a reminder and celebration of Indigenous history and culture. From Indigenous ancestors to those alive today, we are so excited to not only recognize you but celebrate alongside you.  Many cities and states have moved towards recognition of this day, with some choosing to observe it over Columbus Day.  However, it is not observed as a federal holiday, yet.  

As was the case with Hispanic Heritage Month, Black History, LGBT Awareness, Women’s History, and Asian American & Pacific Islanders … and so many more, it is important to understand why we observe and why we strive to connect with these cultures.  As was the case regarding these mentioned months, it is even more important to continue discussions and awareness of just this one day.  To be a truly equitable classroom, we need to continue using these resources and others all year long. 

Below you will find materials, videos, books, and other educational resources for both you and your students.  These resources were chosen to help guide your lessons and provide opportunities for dialogue and conversations.

What about Columbus Day?

The United States has been recognizing “Columbus Day” as a federal holiday since 1937 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.  Columbus Day “commemorates” the arrival of Christopher Columbus in Hispaniola in 1492.  However, major controversies surround this so-called celebration.  

History indicates how the native population of Hispaniola was treated poorly during colonization as well as some historians arguing that this was the setting stage for the institutionalized slave trade.  

It wasn’t until 1989, that the South Dakota legislature passed a law proclaiming 1990 as the “Year of Reconciliation”, which began to pave the way of replacing “Columbus Day” with Native Americans’ Day!  In 1992, native groups agreed to celebrate native culture, as a counter-celebration on the second Monday in October (or what is known as Columbus Day to many). 

I believe the goal of Indigenous Peoples’ Day is not to erase or replace the contributions of the voyage that day in 1492.  However, it cannot be the ONLY narrative.  Our goals are the same, to work together for a better and brighter future for everyone.  This can only be done through difficult conversations, facing how these narratives are constructed, and breaking down multiple barriers for our students.  

How Educators Can Celebrate Indigenous Peoples’ Day

I have to be honest and say that I knew that “celebrating” what is formally known to me as “Columbus Day” didn’t feel right. However, I didn’t know any better.  In the past, I read a story, talked about Christopher Columbus, painted him in this “hero-like” picture for my students… I mean come on he “discovered” America!  

Boy, I couldn’t have been more wrong.  Also, I couldn’t take back this picture for so many students and families to whom I presented this information over the years.  Learning from this mistake I came to a realization.  I was unprepared.  So like most educators do when we are unprepared and unsure… we ignore or do nothing.  Most teachers would rather do nothing than do something potentially incorrect in front of their students, coworkers, and families.  

So how do I currently address this day with my students you may be asking?  No, I do not ignore Christopher Columbus.  Since I teach primary students I obviously don’t go into the arguments or in-depth events of colonization.  I indicate to my students that he is recognized as the individual that discovered America, however, we are going to be talking about the people who were already living here!  Then allow students to start brainstorming what they think those people were like?  How did they live?  (Although, my students have a hard time believing I didn’t grow up with TikTok or Snapchat.)

By teaching students about Indigenous Peoples’ Day, educators are providing their students the opportunity to not only learn about Native American History but more importantly form their own opinions.  I believe the best educators are ones that provide facts to their students and allow them to foster their own opinions, likes, and dislikes, not teach what they like to talk about.

It is our goal to provide a plethora of activities and resources for you to assist in your dialogue of celebrating Indigenous Peoples’ Day!

Indigenous Peoples’ Picture Books and Read Alouds

Books for Ages 9+
Biographies (for Kids)

Indigenous Peoples’ Books for Young Adults and Adults to Learn More

Indigenous Peoples’ Activities for Your Classroom

Supplemental Videos

Podcasts for Adults to Learn More About Indigenous People

Ever since I started Education to the Core’s Podcast, “Where the Primary Things Are”, I have been Podcast obsessed!  These podcasts are great in general, but here are some highlighted episodes!  For this particular topic on Indigenous People, these are a few must listen to.

Things Educators want to DO:

  • Learn about the history of the land you now inhabit – whose land are you on? (you can start with this website – https://native-land.ca/ )
  • Learn more about the history, culture, and tribal sovereignty of the people who inhabited this land prior to you.
  • Contact and invite local tribal members to teach about the history, culture, and tribal sovereignty of their peoples.
  • Remind students that Indigenous peoples are still around today!
  • Educate yourself first – work through the ideas yourself – so that when you have discussions with your students, you’re ready and not processing your thoughts and feelings at that moment.

Things Educators DON’T want to do:

  • Use the word ‘Indian.’ There are over 550 federally recognized tribes. Refer to the specific tribes or use Indigenous (original inhabitants of an area) or Native American (people indigenous to the United States). Your best option if you’re speaking to or about a specific person? Ask them what they prefer! For more information on why words/terminology matter, read here.
  • Dress up like/have students dress like an Indigenous person
  • Have students write ‘creation stories’ or other such pieces
  • Refer to people as a tribe unless they are actually tribal members (this term has become popular over the past few years – think ‘bride tribe’ and more)
  • Refer to something being your ‘spirit ___ (fill in the blank)’
  • Generalize – each tribe has its own beliefs, language, symbols, culture.
  • Only teach about the trauma caused – also celebrate Indigenous culture and joy!

We hope you find these resources helpful. As an organization, ETTC will continue to share information and resources that promote diversity, equity, inclusion, and belonging. These resources should not just be used for one month, but all year round. 

In addition, if you have resources to share with us, be sure to put them in the comments below! Together, we will work towards the goal of inclusion of everyone. We are looking forward to hearing from you.  I would love to leave you with a lyric from Mr. Harold’s Music Class ~ “So many tribes, so many stories, so many lives… One Earth, One People, One Love.”

Written by – Christopher Olson and Kristin Halverson, NBCT

At Education to the Core, we exist to help our teachers build a stronger classroom as they connect with our community to find trusted, state-of-the-art resources designed by teachers for teachers. We aspire to be the world’s leading & most trusted community for educational resources for teachers. We improve the lives of every teacher and learner with the most comprehensive, reliable, and inclusive educational resources.

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Welcome! I’m Emily, Founder of Education to the Core. We are all about helping K-2 teachers by providing unlimited access to affordable printables for every subject area.